Training Schedule

Tea Cultivation :

One day on campus training programme on ‘New Planting in Tea’

Agricultural Engineering:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Tea Tasting’

Horticulture:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Exotic Vegetable cultivation’

Home Science:
One month on campus training programme on ‘Wool Knitting’

Soil Science & Plant Protection:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Organic farming’

Archives
    XV SAC

Soil Science

 

Objective:

Tea is the major crop of the Nilgiris district and accounts for 68 per cent of total cultivable area.  It needs manures and fertilizers in higher quantity.  They are recommendated mainly based on the soil health.  It is measured in terms of soil available nutrient status.  Most of the small growers of this district are not aware with soil sampling and its importance.  Hence, the UPASI-KVK decided to survey the soil status, collaboration with Tea Board, of the entire district of small growers tea field with the following objectives.

  1. To know the soil health in terms of soil fertility status.
  2. To evolve new strategies for fertilizer recommendation.
  3. To create awareness about the importance of soil health, methods of soil sampling and its practical use among the small growers and

To improve soil health by adopting suitable scientific recommendation.

 

South Indian tea soil

 

These are classified as latosols. The tea soils extend along the western ghats and run in north to south direction parallel and close to the west coast of the peninsula. The whole region is classified into six major tea districts, which vary in elevation from 300 to 2500 m above MSL and the annual rainfall varies from 900 to 7500 mm. In geological origin, the soils are mainly derived from gneissic rocks, which had undergone considerable weathering as shown by their acidic nature and low calcium content. The soils are abundant in sesquioxides.

 

Entire Nilgiris region divided into five agro climatic zones namely Coonoor, Kotagiri, Kullakamby, Kundah and Ooty. 


Physico-chemical properties of Nilgiris soils

 

Zone

pH

EC (dS/m)

OM (%)

K (ppm)

P (ppm)

Clay (%)

Slit (%)

Sand (%)

Coonoor

4.3

0.24

5.0

277

36

22

24

54

Kotagiri

4.1

0.28

7.2

261

33

36

19

45

Kullakamby

4.6

0.21

4.9

257

41

16

18

66

Kundah

4.1

0.28

7.7

458

41

20

16

64

Ooty

4.5

0.19

8.2

311

37

35

15

50

 

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