Training Schedule

Tea Cultivation :

One day on campus training programme on ‘New Planting in Tea’

Agricultural Engineering:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Tea Tasting’

Horticulture:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Exotic Vegetable cultivation’

Home Science:
One month on campus training programme on ‘Wool Knitting’

Soil Science & Plant Protection:
One day on campus training programme on ‘Organic farming’

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Horticulture

 

Horticulture crops play a vital role to ensure nutritional security and are evidently a growth engine for economic prosperity of the country, and are emerging as a viable option of diversification in the Agricultural sector.  Tamil Nadu has potential to become a horticultural state in days to come through commercial exploitation of horticultural wealth.  The faculty of horticulture is an  industry which involves cultivation, processing, value addition and marketing of various fruits and vegetables.

 

The Nilgiris District called queen of hills situated in the western ghats between 11° & 22° North latitude and 76° and 77° east longitude the temperature ranging  from 10°C to 25°C in summer and 3°C to 21° C in winter and receives average rain of 1000 – 1500mm per annum.    The soil belongs  to the category of red lateritic loamy group, pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.00 with good drainage and there is tremendous scope for cultivation of tea and  wide range of all horticulture crop both indigenous and exotic type.  The area under rainfed is 69,054 ha. and irrigated 10,460 ha.  

 

 

 

Tea is the major plantation crop cultivated in the district which covers an area of 62,000 ha followed by other crops  like coffee 6,849 ha, vegetables 6155 ha, fruit crops 804ha, spice 3023ha, Herbal spices 80ha and  floriculture (both protected and open cultivated) – 150 ha.  The major problems faced by the  horticulture crops is pest, disease, availability of good planting material, hybrid seeds and proper technical knowledge at the right time.

 

Introduction and development of new varieties and innovative production technologies are of prime importance to maximize the production and productivity, with zero residual toxicity and the potential available is enormous for horticulture development.  Cultivation of these hilly horticulture crops is now modernized with improved high tech methods.  These hitech methods are improved technologies should be disseminated to the farmers then and there.   

 

The cultural operations of few hilly horticulture suitable for the Nilgiri conditions is given below:

 

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